Let`s take an example of a hypothesis to illustrate the concept. Suppose you decided to borrow a vehicle for your business. This would be used for your business. So you went to the front and approached a bank. The term “assumption” describes the transaction a person makes when he establishes an asset as collateral, but still owns that asset. A mortgage is a common example. While a person still owns his house, he uses the house as collateral to obtain the bank`s approval to take out a mortgage. To study this concept, you must follow the following definition of the hypothesis. The bank said it would offer you a loan, but you have to borrow as an assumption. The bank also explained that the vehicle you want to take is only used by you and is in possession of you.
The Bank will help you with the loan. But the vehicle you own would be mortgaged, and if you are not able to pay the amount owed to the bank in a while, the vehicle would be owned by the bank. The granting of margins on brokerage accounts is another common form of assumption. When an investor chooses margin or sell-short, he accepts that these securities can be sold if necessary if there is a margin call. The investor holds the securities in his account, but the broker can sell them if he issues a margin call that the investor cannot satisfy to cover the losses of investors. The situation changes when the borrower is late in the loan. This is due to the borrower granting a pledge to the lender as part of the loan agreement. When a borrower defaults, the lender can exercise the right to pledge by closing the property. If you are interested, you can read this real example of hypothesis agreement. The stock market is another place where these agreements are common. Here, a broker will allow an investor to lend money to buy shares, and the investor then places that stock as collateral.
The investor is the real owner of the stock, but the broker can seize the stock if the investor does not pay the money or if the stock falls below a certain value. Brokers/traders regularly use mortgage contracts when creating marginal accounts. For real estate, a lessor uses a mortgage agreement to avoid subletting. In addition, lenders use the assumption in real estate when another property insures a mortgage or construction credit. Generally, the real estate hypothesis presents itself in a transaction as a mortgage on commercial or residential real estate. That is, a borrower mortgages an asset as collateral to obtain a home loan. The following language is for some form of mortgage arrangement and comes from Law Insider: They are not really the same. In the case of a mortgage, the owner of the property is held until the borrower repays the loan. In a mortgage agreement, the borrower retains ownership of the property.
When banks and brokers use hypothetical bonds to support their own transactions and negotiate with their clients` agreement to guarantee a lower credit charge or a discount on fees. This is called a rehypotheque. In 2007, re-mortgages accounted for half of the activities of the shadow banking system. Because security is not cash, it is not displayed in traditional accounting. Before Lehman`s collapse, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) calculated that U.S. banks received more than $4 trillion through the re-library, much of which comes from the United Kingdom, where there are no legal limits on the reuse of a customer`s guarantees. It is estimated that only a trillion dollars of initial security have been used, meaning that security has been re-hepthetized several times with an estimated emigration factor of 4.  The mortgage agreement is the agreement that mortgages the client`s securities purchased on margina as collateral for the loan.